The center was established in 2003 to provide a space for young Timorese who want to express themselves and learn more about their country through art. The center is surrounded by posters of famous freedom fighters such as Bob Marley and Che Guevara, which are popular among youth.
Arte Moris was initially a project of Swiss artists Luca Gansser (left) and Gabriela Gansser (right), with a group young people. It has gradually evolved into a highly-recognized – and the only – art center in the nation. Arte Moris won the UN Human Rights Prize in the year it was founded for its promotion of freedom of speech.
But Arte Moris’s goal is not only to promote the arts. It hopes to assist the East Timorese in rebuilding their lives following the bloody struggle for independence of one of the newest countries, founded on May 20 2002.
Violence in Timor Leste
Portuguese colonized the Southeast Asian island in 1515. In November 1975, the country gained its independence through the Revolutionary Front of an Independent East Timor. The Indonesian military invaded after only nine days.
In a referendum, 78.5% voted for independence from Indonesia. This resulted in widespread violence from pro-Indonesian factions, which required to intervene with UN peacekeepers.
This led to the UN Transitional Administration (UNTAET), which lasted from 1999 to 2002, when Timor Leste regained full independence.
Timorese boys loot an abandoned police station in Dili, the capital of East Timor, May 29, 2006. Adrees Latif/Reuters
East Timorese came together in the bloody struggle to end Indonesian occupation. But in 2006, a political-military conflict erupted after members of the army were dismissed.
In 2006, the incident escalated to a series of clashes involving the police, army, and rebel soldiers, and over 150,000 displaced.
The crisis exposed a deep tension between the young and old generations in the country.
Timor Leste is home to one of the youngest populations on the planet. The rapid growth of its population has brought attention to the plight and position of youth in the country.
A 2007 World Bank report entitled Timor Leste Youth in Crisis: Analysis of Situation and Policy Options highlighted the widespread violence among youth as one of the most visible aspects of the crisis. The generational gap has become a major feature of Timor Leste’s social discourse.
A policeman in Dili, Timor Leste. Lirio da Fonseca. Lirio da Fonseca/Reuters
Two generations have witnessed the long struggle of the country for independence. First, there is the “Generation of ’99”, or Geracao Foun, who were born during the Indonesian occupation. Some of them became national leaders in the 1980s and 1990s. The “Generation of “75”, who are older Portuguese-speaking leaders, dominates the government.
They disagree on certain issues. Their relationship is crucial to the transmission of cultural values and social cohesiveness.
Gembel Collective is more than just a fine arts school. It helps young East Timorese connect with their own identity. Y.H
Timor Leste youth are suffering from a lack of employment opportunities, and the rate of poverty is still high at 41.8%. Basic rights like education, employment, and participation in politics are still far behind.
Murals for peace
Timor Leste’s youth has become so traumatized by recent events that they have taken to venting their frustrations on walls. Dili, the capital of Timor Leste, looks like an outdoor art gallery.
Dili is the capital of Timor Leste. 2017. Y.H
Former president Jose Ramos Horta, who won the Nobel Prize in 2006, and several NGOs recognized that murals and graffiti are one of the best ways to communicate with the people of Colombia. They commissioned artists to paint walls all over the country to send messages of peace and unity.
Murals and graffiti have become a distinct part of our landscape. The arts help young people express their opposition to the political and legal authority in the country.
After the 2002 independence, many of the artists were excluded from the “Generation of “99”. Today, they seek to legitimize the role of their resistance against Indonesia as well as to remind today’s youth about their history and engage in discussions on post-independence identities.
Gembel Art Collective, a similar initiative, was established in 2003 as Arte Moris. Gembel Art proposes free art classes, as well as theatre, music, and traditional performances. Like Arte Moris, its classes and spaces are open to everyone.
Human rights are also a concern for artists such as those affiliated with Arte Moris and Gembel Art Collective. Some of these include the fight for land and the search for the “disappeared children” who were taken by Indonesian forces between 1975-1999.
Artists may also support campaigns, such as the Hands Off Timor Oil initiative with the government. The artists may support government campaigns such as Hands Off Timor Oil. They encourage people to consider the issues that affect their country through the arts.
Music for Human Rights
Music bands are also taking over public places in an attempt to bring together generations who have been separated by the various crises Timor Leste experienced.